Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Prevention and Awareness (Source - Property-Liability Trust Risk Management)
Protect Yourself! On 30 September 2014, the first travel-associated case of Ebola was diagnosed in the United States. People in the United States in relatively small numbers now have been quarantined, tested, and treated for the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). It has become important for all of us to understand how this disease is transmitted along with knowing the signs and symptoms, and staying abreast of the latest news and guidance to help protect ourselves and others.
The 2014 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa. There are over 7,000 reported cases, all but 3 cases located in West Africa. There are several factors for the increased risk of spread in that region; limited infrastructure for adequate health measures at border points, care-seeking behaviors across borders, and cross-border surveillance and contact tracing across and beyond borders. There are many organizations, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, who have deployed personnel to assist in the containment of the disease and treatment of affected people. Increased monitoring at points of entry is in place here in the United States in an effort to mitigate this risk. Knowledge and education are the keys to preventing the spread of this deadly disease.
Infection and Transmission
The risk of contracting EVD is low unless you come into direct contact the blood or bodily fluids (urine, saliva, feces, vomit, sweat, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola. EVD can live on hard surfaces (door knobs and counter tops) for several hours; however, the virus in body fluids (such as blood) can survive up to several days at room temperature. EVD can be killed with hospital-grade disinfectants (such as household bleach).
Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to EVD, but the average is 8 to 10 days.
Fever (greater than 101.5 F)
Abdominal (stomach) pain
Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)
Practicing good hygiene is the key to preventing any spread of an infectious disease;whether it’s the flu, a cold, or even the Ebola virus.
Wash your hands frequently. EVD can live on hard surfaces for several hours. Soap is always the best; however, hand sanitizer works too.
Know the symptoms of EVD.
Avoid physical contact (like shaking hands) with people showing symptoms of EVD.
CDC (Ebola Virus Disease) - http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/about.html
World Health Organization Ebola: http://www.who.int/csr/disease/ebola/en/
CDC Interim Guidance for First Responders - http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/hcp/interim-guidance-emergency-medical-services-systems-911-public-safety-answering-points-management-patients-known-suspected-united-states.html
Point of Contact:
Pentagon Office of Emergency Management, 703-571-7737, email@example.com
DiLorenzo Tricare Health Clinic, 703-692-8828/8829, firstname.lastname@example.org